Cortina d'Ampezzo and its Nature
The territory of Cortina d’Ampezzo includes a vast mountainous area and a very wide valley, close in shape to that of a rhombus. There are 8 mountain complexes and 10 peaks standing at more than 3,000 m.(9,840 ft.)
The highest peak is Tofana di Mezzo at 3,244 m. (10,640 ft.)
The town of Cortina d’Ampezzo is located at 1,224 m (4,015 ft) above sea level. The low profile of the mountains to the South allows for abundant sunshine even in winter, while the northern peaks serve as a barrier to cold winds from the North. On average, annual rainfall amounts to 1,150 mm. The climate is temperate, with a wide temperature difference between winter and summer and between day and night, but extreme temperatures rarely occur. Summer is pleasantly cool and winter never too cold for too many days.
Our territory has enormous value thanks to its scenic beauty and the richness of its biodiversity. A large part of the credit for its preservation goes to Regole d’Ampezzo, the organization which for centuries has been responsible for managing its properties and has done so with wisdom and foresight.
Among the treasures of Cortina d’Ampezzo are magnificent high altitude lakes, sunny pastures, springs and streams with crystal clear waters, waterfalls and river rapids carved in deep canyons, wide and solitary valleys, unspoilt woods and ancient trees, extensive larch forests that offer the spectacle of autumn colors, meadows with hundreds of different species of flowers, some of which are endemic, and many wild animals. Last but not least, a majestic crown of mountain peaks that are among the most beautiful in the Dolomites.
The Natural Park of the Ampezzo Dolomites, which extends for over 11,000 hectares and includes a large part of the municipal area north of Cortina d’Ampezzo, was established with a regional law in 1990. Other areas are protected thanks to the creation of Sites of Community Interest and Special Protection Areas. Since 2009, the Dolomites have been part of the UNESCO World Heritage List.